Cara Membuat Aplikasi Calendar Sederhana di Android Studio - Okedroid.com | Belajar Coding Aplikasi Java Android Online
Okedroid.com | Belajar Coding Aplikasi Java Android Online

Cara Membuat Aplikasi Calendar Sederhana di Android Studio

Pada tutorial belajar Android kali ini ,saya ingin berbagi tentang Cara Membuat Sebuah Sample Aplikasi Calendar  dengan menggunakan  Android Studio. Mungkin bagi kalian pengguna Android hanya bisa melihat dan menggunakan Aplikasi Calendar, secara default yang terpasang di perangkat Android. Calendar atau Kalender digunakan untuk melihat pengorganisasian waktu seperti nama hari,bulan tanggal ,dan hari.Nah bagiamana kalo kita coba membuat nya menggunakan IDE resmi Android Studio.



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Kali ini sebagai latihanya kita akan mencoba membuat Aplikasi Kalender Sederhana Android menggunakan Android Studio.Nantinya kita akan membuat dua buah file layout.xml dan dua buah file java.
    Pastikan kalian sudah Membaca Cara Membuat Aplikasi HelloWorld di Android Studio untuk dasarnya ,karna tutorial disini kita akan langsung mulai pemrograman Aplikasi di dalam Android Studio .


1.Pertama kita buat dua file layout xml.
Dengan baris instruksi seperti berikut:

calendar.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent" android:background="@drawable/background" android:orientation="vertical" >
<RelativeLayout android:id="@+id/header" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:background="@drawable/calendar_top" >
<RelativeLayout android:id="@+id/previous" android:layout_width="40dip" android:layout_height="30dip" android:layout_alignParentLeft="true" >
<ImageView android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_centerInParent="true" android:background="@drawable/arrow_left" />
</RelativeLayout>
<TextView android:id="@+id/title" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_centerHorizontal="true" android:layout_marginTop="5dip" android:textColor="#000000" android:textSize="18dip" android:textStyle="bold" />
<RelativeLayout android:id="@+id/next" android:layout_width="40dip" android:layout_height="30dip" android:layout_alignParentRight="true" >
<ImageView android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_centerInParent="true" android:background="@drawable/arrow_right" />
</RelativeLayout>
</RelativeLayout>
<GridView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:id="@+id/gridview" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal" android:listSelector="@android:color/transparent" android:numColumns="7" android:stretchMode="columnWidth" />
</LinearLayout>

calendar_item.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:background="@drawable/calendar_cell" android:gravity="center" android:orientation="vertical" android:padding="2dip" >
<TextView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:id="@+id/date" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:textColor="#0000D7" android:textSize="14dip" android:textStyle="bold" >
</TextView>
<ImageView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:id="@+id/date_icon" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:src="@drawable/dot" android:visibility="gone" />
</LinearLayout>


2. Kedua kita buat dua buah file java

CalendarView
package com.okedroid.myapplication;
/** * Created by FATHUR on 12/16/2015. */import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;
import java.util.Locale;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.AdapterView;
import android.widget.AdapterView.OnItemClickListener;
import android.widget.GridView;
import android.widget.RelativeLayout;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
public class CalendarView extends Activity {
public GregorianCalendar month, itemmonth;// calendar instances.
public CalendarAdapter adapter;// adapter instance public Handler handler;// for grabbing some event values for showing the dot // marker. public ArrayList<String> items; // container to store calendar items which // needs showing the event marker
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.calendar);
Locale.setDefault( Locale.US );
month = (GregorianCalendar) GregorianCalendar.getInstance();
itemmonth = (GregorianCalendar) month.clone();
items = new ArrayList<String>();
adapter = new CalendarAdapter(this, month);
GridView gridview = (GridView) findViewById(R.id.gridview);
gridview.setAdapter(adapter);
handler = new Handler();
handler.post(calendarUpdater);
TextView title = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.title);
title.setText(android.text.format.DateFormat.format("MMMM yyyy", month));
RelativeLayout previous = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.previous);
previous.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
@Override public void onClick(View v) {
setPreviousMonth();
refreshCalendar();
}
});
RelativeLayout next = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.next);
next.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
@Override public void onClick(View v) {
setNextMonth();
refreshCalendar();
}
});
gridview.setOnItemClickListener(new OnItemClickListener() {
public void onItemClick(AdapterView<?> parent, View v,
int position, long id) {
((CalendarAdapter) parent.getAdapter()).setSelected(v);
String selectedGridDate = CalendarAdapter.dayString .get(position);
String[] separatedTime = selectedGridDate.split("-");
String gridvalueString = separatedTime[2].replaceFirst("^0*",
"");// taking last part of date. ie; 2 from 2012-12-02. int gridvalue = Integer.parseInt(gridvalueString);
// navigate to next or previous month on clicking offdays. if ((gridvalue > 10) && (position < 8)) {
setPreviousMonth();
refreshCalendar();
} else if ((gridvalue < 7) && (position > 28)) {
setNextMonth();
refreshCalendar();
}
((CalendarAdapter) parent.getAdapter()).setSelected(v);
showToast(selectedGridDate);
}
});
}
protected void setNextMonth() {
if (month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) == month .getActualMaximum(GregorianCalendar.MONTH)) {
month.set((month.get(GregorianCalendar.YEAR) + 1),
month.getActualMinimum(GregorianCalendar.MONTH), 1);
} else {
month.set(GregorianCalendar.MONTH,
month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) + 1);
}
}
protected void setPreviousMonth() {
if (month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) == month .getActualMinimum(GregorianCalendar.MONTH)) {
month.set((month.get(GregorianCalendar.YEAR) - 1),
month.getActualMaximum(GregorianCalendar.MONTH), 1);
} else {
month.set(GregorianCalendar.MONTH,
month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) - 1);
}
}
protected void showToast(String string) {
Toast.makeText(this, string, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
}
public void refreshCalendar() {
TextView title = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.title);
adapter.refreshDays();
adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
handler.post(calendarUpdater); // generate some calendar items
title.setText(android.text.format.DateFormat.format("MMMM yyyy", month));
}
public Runnable calendarUpdater = new Runnable() {
@Override public void run() {
items.clear();
// Print dates of the current week DateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd",Locale.US);
String itemvalue;
for (int i = 0; i < 7; i++) {
itemvalue = df.format(itemmonth.getTime());
itemmonth.add(GregorianCalendar.DATE, 1);
items.add("2012-09-12");
items.add("2012-10-07");
items.add("2012-10-15");
items.add("2012-10-20");
items.add("2012-11-30");
items.add("2012-11-28");
}
adapter.setItems(items);
adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
}
};
}


CalendarAdapter.java

package com.okedroid.myapplication;
/** * Created by FATHUR on 12/16/2015. */
import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;
public class CalendarAdapter extends BaseAdapter {
private Context mContext;
private java.util.Calendar month;
public GregorianCalendar pmonth; // calendar instance for previous month /** * calendar instance for previous month for getting complete view */ public GregorianCalendar pmonthmaxset;
private GregorianCalendar selectedDate;
int firstDay;
int maxWeeknumber;
int maxP;
int calMaxP;
int lastWeekDay;
int leftDays;
int mnthlength;
String itemvalue, curentDateString;
DateFormat df;
private ArrayList<String> items;
public static List<String> dayString;
private View previousView;
public CalendarAdapter(Context c, GregorianCalendar monthCalendar) {
CalendarAdapter.dayString = new ArrayList<String>();
Locale.setDefault( Locale.US );
month = monthCalendar;
selectedDate = (GregorianCalendar) monthCalendar.clone();
mContext = c;
month.set(GregorianCalendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, 1);
this.items = new ArrayList<String>();
df = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd", Locale.US);
curentDateString = df.format(selectedDate.getTime());
refreshDays();
}
public void setItems(ArrayList<String> items) {
for (int i = 0; i != items.size(); i++) {
if (items.get(i).length() == 1) {
items.set(i, "0" + items.get(i));
}
}
this.items = items;
}
public int getCount() {
return dayString.size();
}
public Object getItem(int position) {
return dayString.get(position);
}
public long getItemId(int position) {
return 0;
}
// create a new view for each item referenced by the Adapter public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
View v = convertView;
TextView dayView;
if (convertView == null) { // if it's not recycled, initialize some // attributes LayoutInflater vi = (LayoutInflater) mContext .getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
v = vi.inflate(R.layout.calendar_item, null);
}
dayView = (TextView) v.findViewById(R.id.date);
// separates daystring into parts. String[] separatedTime = dayString.get(position).split("-");
// taking last part of date. ie; 2 from 2012-12-02 String gridvalue = separatedTime[2].replaceFirst("^0*", "");
// checking whether the day is in current month or not. if ((Integer.parseInt(gridvalue) > 1) && (position < firstDay)) {
// setting offdays to white color. dayView.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
dayView.setClickable(false);
dayView.setFocusable(false);
} else if ((Integer.parseInt(gridvalue) < 7) && (position > 28)) {
dayView.setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
dayView.setClickable(false);
dayView.setFocusable(false);
} else {
// setting curent month's days in blue color. dayView.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);
}
if (dayString.get(position).equals(curentDateString)) {
setSelected(v);
previousView = v;
} else {
v.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.list_item_background);
}
dayView.setText(gridvalue);
// create date string for comparison String date = dayString.get(position);
if (date.length() == 1) {
date = "0" + date;
}
String monthStr = "" + (month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) + 1);
if (monthStr.length() == 1) {
monthStr = "0" + monthStr;
}
// show icon if date is not empty and it exists in the items array ImageView iw = (ImageView) v.findViewById(R.id.date_icon);
if (date.length() > 0 && items != null && items.contains(date)) {
iw.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
} else {
iw.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
}
return v;
}
public View setSelected(View view) {
if (previousView != null) {
previousView.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.list_item_background);
}
previousView = view;
view.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.calendar_cel_selectl);
return view;
}
public void refreshDays() {
// clear items items.clear();
dayString.clear();
Locale.setDefault( Locale.US );
pmonth = (GregorianCalendar) month.clone();
// month start day. ie; sun, mon, etc firstDay = month.get(GregorianCalendar.DAY_OF_WEEK);
// finding number of weeks in current month. maxWeeknumber = month.getActualMaximum(GregorianCalendar.WEEK_OF_MONTH);
// allocating maximum row number for the gridview. mnthlength = maxWeeknumber * 7;
maxP = getMaxP(); // previous month maximum day 31,30.... calMaxP = maxP - (firstDay - 1);// calendar offday starting 24,25 ... /** * Calendar instance for getting a complete gridview including the three * month's (previous,current,next) dates. */ pmonthmaxset = (GregorianCalendar) pmonth.clone();
/** * setting the start date as previous month's required date. */ pmonthmaxset.set(GregorianCalendar.DAY_OF_MONTH, calMaxP + 1);
/** * filling calendar gridview. */ for (int n = 0; n < mnthlength; n++) {
itemvalue = df.format(pmonthmaxset.getTime());
pmonthmaxset.add(GregorianCalendar.DATE, 1);
dayString.add(itemvalue);
}
}
private int getMaxP() {
int maxP;
if (month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) == month .getActualMinimum(GregorianCalendar.MONTH)) {
pmonth.set((month.get(GregorianCalendar.YEAR) - 1),
month.getActualMaximum(GregorianCalendar.MONTH), 1);
} else {
pmonth.set(GregorianCalendar.MONTH,
month.get(GregorianCalendar.MONTH) - 1);
}
maxP = pmonth.getActualMaximum(GregorianCalendar.DAY_OF_MONTH);
return maxP;
}
}

3. Ketiga pastikan kalian cek di AndroidManifes.xml ,file CalendarView.java sebagai Activity utama saat di tampilkan seperti ini:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.okedroid.myapplication">
<application android:allowBackup="true" android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher" android:label="@string/app_name" android:supportsRtl="true" android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
<activity android:name=".CalendarView" android:label="@string/app_name" android:theme="@style/AppTheme.NoActionBar">
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
</intent-filter>
</activity>
</application>
</manifest>


Lalu coba kita jalankan kurang lebih hasilnya seperti pada gambar dibawah


Buat Aplikasi Tutorial Belajar Aplikasi Android Kalendar Sederhana

Bagi kalian yang bingung bisa mencoba mendownload source codenya di bawah.




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